The history of Bangladeshi and Bengali literature goes back hundreds of years. While it is impossible (and undesirable) to separate the literary trends of the two Bengals during the pre-independence period, post independent Bangladesh has given birth to it’s own distinct set of literateurs and literature.
The earliest available specimen of Bengali literature is about a thousand years old. During the mediaeval period Bengali literature developed considerably with the patronage of Muslim rulers. Chandi Das, Daulat Kazi and Alaol are some of the famous poets of the period.
The era of modern Bengali Literature began in the late nineteenth century. Rahindranath Tagore, Kazi Nazrul Islam, Michael Madhusudan Datta. Sarat Chandra Chattopadhyai, Bankim Chandra Chattopadhyai, Mir Mosharraf Hossain and Kazi Ahdul Wadud are the pioneers of modern Bengali Literature.